Accredited verification and validation activity, covering both voluntary and mandatory declarations, is undertaken by businesses for GHG emissions, and they include as follows:
The verification of GHG inventories provides an objective attestation that the declarations don’t contain any mistakes or inaccuracies and that they conform with the requirements of the program whereby they are obligatory.
To limit the concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, quantification, monitoring, reporting and verification of GHG emissions and / or their removal are prepared. The verification of GHG inventories according to ISO 14064-1 allows the quantification, monitoring and reporting of an organization’s greenhouse gas emissions.
The Emission Trading Scheme (ETS ) is the European system for the exchange of emissions allowances (EU ETS). It is intended to reduce GHG emissions in accordance with the Kyoto protocol.
The aim of the verification process is to control the way in which power plants, industrial plants, airplane operators etc. manage and observe the limits set by the EU Directive 2003/87/CE for total permitted emissions. It is possible, within the limit, to buy and sell the right to emit CO2 according to needs.
Under the EU’s Directive, plants in Europe with a high level of emissions can function only with the permission to emit GHG. The verification process ensures that annual emissions and the data communicated are accurately quantified and measured.
For companies it is now compulsory to assess the environmental inefficiencies of production cycles and in this context the verification of the carbon footprint has also been introduced.
The Carbon Footprint (CFP) – the climatic impact of a product – measures the quantity of GHG generated throughout the life-cycle of a product or service.
This enables a company to be aware of the total impact on the environment of its production processes so that it can measure the critical phases and thereby improve its environmental performance.
Verifications in the maritime transport sector (MRV) are another way of reaching these objectives: the MRV regulation is a mandatory system of monitoring and verification designed by the European Commission for ships of over 5,000 gross tonnage operating in any EU port for the transport of passengers.
Verification of the plan for monitoring and for the CO2 emissions from maritime transport is intended to reduce and communicate GHG emissions in line with Regulation EU 757/2015, and to improve information disclosed regarding the efficiency of ships, to create incentives for reducing emissions as well as the consumption of fuel.